Scientists of the Tomsk State University have invented an artificial medium of natural intelligence, capable of self-learning. An analogue of the human brain to help physicians in the treatment of disorders of human memory.
TSU researchers managed to make a serious step on the way to the goal: they created an artificial medium of natural intelligence, physical model, capable of self-learning, said in a statement.
This project is based on the International Laboratory Vision Systems, center of excellence, Intelligent technical systems uniting scientists of the Tomsk university, as well as Germany, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan.
First it was built mathematical and computer models of the human brain - the head of the laboratory, Professor Vladimir Syryamkin FIT. - After that it was designed radio-electronic device comprising perceptrons. It is capable of handling various information. Now we are working to establish the basic system robotic system, which is an intelligent control center.
In the end, an artificial brain should be analogous to the biological model, the main developer of the Laboratory Vision Systems TSU Vladimir Shumilov. - We have a tremendous amount of work, but a very important step has been taken: we were able to reveal the "mystery" of brain neural network. In our physical model, as in the human brain, the formation of new neural connections and damping existing. In humans, it is a process of forgetting.
"We want to achieve maximum proximity of artificial intelligence to the biological model of the brain - says Professor Vladimir Syryamkin. - Therefore, in a short time in our project will join experts from other fields - biology and psychology. After all, artificial intelligence should not only be able to think for themselves, but also to distinguish between what is good and what is bad from the point of view of ethics.
According to researchers, the possibilities created by the use of artificial intelligence, are almost limitless. The development could help physicians in the study and treatment of different types of amnesia and Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. The cause of these pathologies is often a violation of neural connections, or the extinction of neuronal activity.
The press service added that the experts could use an artificial brain to simulate pathological conditions and on the basis of the experience gained to choose the methods of their medical correction. In addition, the artificial intelligence of the natural media can be integrated into smart robotic systems and neurocomputers.